Методические указания и варианты контрольной работы для слушателей I курса факультета заочного обучения специальности 280 104. 65 Пожарная безопасность




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skachate.ru > Литература > Методические указания
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ТЕМА №2. Моя биография


Система времен английского глагола в действительном залоге. Наречия. Оборот be going to. Частное письмо. Внеаудиторное чтение.

ТЕМА №3. Наше учебное заведение


Числительные. Неопределенные местоимения some, no, any, every и их производные. Степени сравнения прилагательных и наречий. Сравнительные конструкции. Внеаудиторное чтение.
^ ТЕМА №4. Соединенное Королевство Великобритании и Северной Ирландии

Модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты. Способы выражения долженствования. Система времен английского глагола в страдательном залоге. Внеаудиторное чтение.
^

ТЕМА №5. Охрана окружающей среды


Модальные глаголы с инфинитивом в страдательном залоге. Многофункциональность глаголов to be, to have, to do. Внеаудиторное чтение.
^

ТЕМА №6. Из истории пожарной охраны


Согласование времен. Сложные предлоги. Словообразование. Слова-заместители. Внеаудиторное чтение.
Вопросы для самостоятельной подготовки к зачету

по дисциплине «Иностранный язык»

  1. My Family (Моя семья)

  2. My Native City (Мой родной город)

  3. Our Educational Institution (Наше учебное заведение)

  4. The United Kingdom (Соединенное Королевство)

  5. From the History of the Fire Service (Из истории пожарной охраны)

  6. Great Fire of London (Великий пожар в Лондоне)

  7. Environment Protection (Защита окружающей среды)

  8. Emergency Situations (Чрезвычайные ситуации)



Литература


  1. Дубровская С.Г., Дубина Д.Б., Соколова Н.П. Английский язык Учебник для технических вузов. – Москва: Издательство АСВ, 2001.

  2. Бонк Н.А., Котий Г.А., Лукьянова Н.А. Учебник английского языка. - Минск: Выш.шк., 1993.

  3. К.Н. Качалова, Е.Е. Израилевич. Практическая грамматика английского языка с упражнениями и ключами. – Москва: ЮНВЕС, 2001.

  4. И.П. Агабекян. Английский для технических вузов. – Ростов н/Д: «Феникс», 2001.

  5. Юлин А.М., В.В.Иванова, Е.А.Ивакина. Английский язык. Разговорные темы (специальность 330400), Екатеринбург: УрИ ГПС МЧС России, 2005. – 36с.

  6. Ивакина Е.А., В.В.Иванова, А.М.Юлин. Английский язык. Краткий грамматический справочник для слушателей факультета заочного обучения. Екатеринбург: ЕФ Академии ГПС МЧС России, 2003. – 34с.

  7. В.В.Иванова, А.М.Юлин. Краткий англо-русский пожарно-технический словарь. Екатеринбург: ЕФ Академии ГПС МЧС России, 2004. – 32с.

  8. Мешалкин Е.А., Палей С.М. Иллюстрированный словарь по пожарной

безопасности. - М.: ВНИИПО МВД России, 1999.

  1. Куприн Г.Н., Новобытов А.А., Чамеев А.А. Англо-русский пожарно-технический словарь. - М.: Министерство обороны СССР, 1980.

^ ОФОРМЛЕНИЕ КОНТРОЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ
1. Слушатель I курса факультета заочного обучения должен выполнить один из десяти вариантов контрольной работы в зависимости от последней цифры номера зачетной книжки. Если номер зачетной книжки заканчивается на цифру 5, то следует выполнять вариант № 5, если номер зачетной книжки заканчивается на цифру 0, то следует выполнять вариант №10 и т.д.

2. Контрольная работа выполняется в тетради аккуратно и разборчивым почерком, ручкой синего или зеленого цвета или в электронном варианте. Контрольную работу необходимо выполнить в срок, установленный факультетом заочного обучения.

3. На титульном листе следует указать свою фамилию, имя и отчество, должность и звание, свой адрес с указанием почтового индекса, номер зачетной книжки, номер варианта контрольной работы.

4. Таким образом, слева нужно писать предложения или текст на иностранном языке, справа – перевод. Поля предназначены для замечаний рецензента.

5. На заключительном листе контрольной работы нужно указать список литературы, используемой при выполнении работы.

6. Если контрольная работа выполнена с нарушением данных указаний или не в полном объеме, то она будет возвращена слушателю для доработки без проверки.

7. Если работа не зачтена, следует изучить все замечания рецензента и переделать ее в соответствии с рекомендациями рецензента.

8. Переделанная работа предоставляется на проверку вместе с не зачтенной работой.


Variant 1
1.Глаголы в скобках поставьте в соответствующем времени

1. Foam (be) one of the best extinguishing agents.

2. We (have) much work to do last week.

3. Our cadets (go) on a holiday in 4 weeks.

4. I (study) English since 1998.

5. Fire investigators tried to find out what (cause) the fire in the warehouse the day before.
^ 2.Поставьте по одному вопросу к каждому предложению из Задания 1
3.Поставьте прилагательное в скобках в соответствующей степени сравнения

1. Which is the (cheap) and (available) extinguishing agent?

2. They say that it is (good) to come late than never.

3. It was (cold) in January than it is now.

4. Student Petrov is the (clever) in our group.

5. It is (easy) to prevent a fire than to put it out.
^ 4. Заполните пропуски модальными глаголами: сan, must, may, should

1. For combustion 3 factors … be present heat, oxygen and fuel.

2. Backdraft … be the most hazardous condition a firefighter will ever face.

3. You … do it f you wish.

4. Students .. go to our library and take any book they need.

5. Children … help their elderly parents.
^ 5. Переведите слова на русский язык и определите, к каким частям речи они относятся

solid – solidity – solidify

ignite – ignition – ignitability

extinguish – extinguishing – extinguishment

proper – properly – improperly

flame – flammable – flameless
^ 6. Соедините два предложения в одно, используя союзы и союзные слова: although, but, because, and, so

1. Firefighters arrived quickly. The trapped victims were rescued.

2. It rained a lot. We had to put off our picnic.

3. Student Novikov managed to pass the exam. He did not get ready for it properly.

4. I know how to pronounce this word. I do not know how to spell it.

5. Several firefighters were injured badly. Backdraft caused an explosion.
^ 7. Определите функции глаголов to be, to have, to do в предложениях, переведите на русский язык

1. We are in Ekaterinburg now.

2. Colonel Ivanov is to come at 10 a.m.

3. Some students have cars.

4. The trapped victims had to ask for help.

5. Why did you enter our Institute?
^ 8. Переведите словосочетания на русский язык

1. automatic fire alarm

2. building regulations

3. forest fire prevention

4. emergency medical service

5. fire alarm system
9. Спишите текст, переведите на русский язык
A Toxic Cloud
Paris. More than 20 000 people were evacuated from their homes after a warehouse fire in the port of Nantes, western France, produced a toxic cloud of gas and smoke eight miles long.

The fire in a fertilizer warehouse containing hundreds of tons of ammonium nitrate, started early in the morning. A thousand firemen and police fought to bring it under control as thick clouds of whitish-yellow smoke poured from the top of the building. The danger to health led local authorities to order evacuation out of the area. Some people were taken to hospital for observation. The fire was finally brought under control in midafternoon.

Those who had left their homes were advised to spend the night away. Schools and community centers were taken outside the affected area.
^ 10. Ответьте на вопросы к тексту на английском языке

1. Where did the above mentioned accident take place?

2. What happened in the fertilizer warehouse?

3. Who fought to bring the fire under control?

4. Why were some people taken to hospital?

5. When was the fire brought under control?
11. Переведите с английского языка на русский текст объемом 10000 печатных знаков (текст подбирается самостоятельно из периодической печати, научно-публицистической или художественной литературы).

Variant 2
^ 1.Глаголы в скобках поставьте в соответствующем времени

1. Dry powders (be) very effective on Class D fires.

2. They (have) much work to do next week.

3. Our cadets already (come back) from their holidays.

4. My family (live) here since 2001.

5. The rescuers (perform) their operation by 18 p.m. tomorrow.
^ 2.Поставьте по одному вопросу к каждому предложению из Задания 1
3.Поставьте прилагательное в скобках в соответствующей степени сравнения

1. Which is the (effective) extinguishing agent to put out flammable liquids?

2. That fire was (bad) the firefighters ever faced.

3. The firefighting system is (good) nowadays than it was fifty years ago.

4. Our educational institution is one of the (old) in the city.

5. I think colonel Petrov teaches (good) than our previous instructor.

^ 4. Заполните пропуски модальными глаголами: сan, must, may, should

1. At a fire scene firefighters … perform their duties quickly and effectively.

2. Any fire … result in great losses of property.

3. Firefighters … have their breathing apparatus when they respond to a fire.

4. To revise for exams cadets … go to our library.

5. While performing their duties at a fire scene firefighters … think of their own safety.
^ 5. Переведите слова на русский язык и определите, к каким частям речи они относятся

combustion –combustible - combustibility

gas – gaseous

protect – protection– protective

proper – improper – properly

hazard – hazardous
^ 6. Соедините два предложения в одно, используя союзы и союзные слова: although, but, because, and, so

1. The rescuers arrived quickly. The child was saved.

2. It snowed a lot yesterday. We have to stay in the city for a couple of days.

3. Some students did not pass the exam. They did not get ready for it properly.

4. I know how to use this device properly. I do not know where I can get it by tomorrow.

5. Several firefighters were taken to hospital. They were injured during the explosion.
^ 7. Определите функции глаголов to be, to have, to do в предложениях, переведите на русский язык

1. These cadets are from our Institute.

2. The train is to pull in at 11 p.m.

3. I have got a large family.

4. The woman had to ask a passer-by for help.

5. I did not know that you were going to enter our Institute.
^ 8. Переведите словосочетания на русский язык

1. aerial ladder platform

2. boiling point

3. ignition point

4. emergency situations ministry

5. personal protective equipment

9. Спишите текст, переведите на русский язык
Beslan Tragedy

On September 1, 2004, at about 9.00 a.m. Moscow time, a group of about 30 gunmen seized School 1in Beslan, North Ossetia, 30 km from the capital, Vladikavkaz. The terrorists took schoolchildren and parents hostages and drove them into a gym. More than 1,000 children and adults were taken hostages. Apparently, one or more of the female assailants – so called “Black Widows” blew themselves up in the gym where the hostages were being kept. The gym was also apparently wired with explosives. Thirty or so hostages made a run for it, and were shot at. The culmination of that was an assault of Russian special forces, which used helicopters, tanks, and armored cars.

335 people lost their lives in the Beslan terrorist attack.
^ 10. Ответьте на вопросы к тексту на английском языке

1. Where did the above mentioned accident take place?

2. What happened in the yard of School 1?

3. How many people were taken hostages?

4. What was the culmination of that?

5. How many lives did the terrorist attack take?

11. Переведите с английского языка на русский текст объемом 10000 печатных знаков (текст подбирается самостоятельно из периодической печати, научно-публицистической или художественной литературы).
Variant 3
^ 1.Глаголы в скобках поставьте в соответствующем времени

1. Every year a lot of fires (occur) because of people.

2. Firefighters (rescue) thousands of people in 2005.

3. What you (do) tonight? – I (go) to see my grandparents.

4. I (be) to fires many times.

5. When we (arrive) we saw that thick black smoke (pour) out of the windows.
^ 2.Поставьте по одному вопросу к каждому предложению из Задания 1
3.Поставьте прилагательное в скобках в соответствующей степени сравнения

1. You are speaking too fast. Could you speak a bit (slowly), please?

2. The (much) you prepare for your exams, the (good) the result may be .

3. Dry powders are the (expensive) extinguishing agents.

4. (many) and (many) natural disasters occur every year.

5. I think I am (little) trained) than my friend.

^ 4. Заполните пропуски модальными глаголами: сan, must, may, should

1. Open flame … be a potential source of ignition.

2. To be a well-trained specialist, one … study well .

3. Backdraft … be the cause of an explosion.

4. Water alone … not wash oil off our hands.

5. Consideration … be given to which extinguishing agents are effective on hydrocarbons.
^ 5. Переведите слова на русский язык и определите, к каким частям речи они относятся

detect – detector - detection

dense - density

require - requirement

discover – discovery

hazard – hazardous - hazardless
^ 6. Соедините два предложения в одно, используя союзы и союзные слова: although, but, because, and, so, that

1. I know English well. I have never been to England.

2. Here is the article. It excited me greatly.

3. It was windy. The neighboring building caught the fire.

4. The fire was enormous. The interior was combustible.

5. Foam could be more efficient in that situation. For lack of foam we used water instead.
^ 7. Определите функции глаголов to be, to have, to do в предложениях, переведите на русский язык

1. My friend was on probation last week.

2. Cadets do morning exercises to be in top physical shape.

3. I am to make a report at 3 p.m..

4. What do you know about the reasons of technogenic disasters?

5. I have translated the sentence easily.
^ 8. Переведите словосочетания на русский язык

1. World Health Organization

2. incident commander

3. auxiliary power unit

4. motor vehicle accident

5. fire prevention methods
9. Спишите текст, переведите на русский язык

What Is the Average Salary of the Firefighter?

According to a 1998 survey by the International Personnel Management Association, firefighters had a medium salary of about $ 20,900 a year, but their earnings depend on city size and region of the country. Earnings for firefighters are lowest in the South and highest in the West, and generally are higher in large cities than in small ones. Entrance salaries for beginning full-time firefighters were about $ 18,600 a year, while maximum salaries were $ 24,100 a year.

Fire lieutenants had a medium annual salary of about $ 25,800 a year, fire captains had $ 28, 500 a year in 1995.

Salaries for firefighters increase with the rise of the cost living. In 1998, New York City firefighters were earning a starting salary of $ 26, 000 with a maximum of $ 39,000 after five year work.
^ 10. Ответьте на вопросы к тексту на английском языке

1. What do the earnings of firefighters depend on?

2. What were the entrance salaries for beginning full-time firefighters?

3. How much did fire lieutenants have a year?

4. What was the salary of fire captains in 1985?

5. Why do salaries for firefighters increase with the rise of the cost living?
11. Переведите с английского языка на русский текст объемом 10000 печатных знаков (текст подбирается самостоятельно из периодической печати, научно-публицистической или художественной литературы).

Variant 4
^ 1.Глаголы в скобках поставьте в соответствующем времени

  1. Rescuers (find) only four alive people after the building (collapse) the day before.

  2. When we (come) into the classroom the instructor already (explain) something new

  3. What you (read) ? – Yesterday I (pick up) a book about natural disasters. I (read) it now.

  4. Almost every cadet already (be) on probation.

  5. Colonel Popov (make) a report on fire prevention measures at 11 a.m. tomorrow.


^ 2.Поставьте по одному вопросу к каждому предложению из Задания 1
3.Поставьте прилагательное в скобках в соответствующей степени сравнения

1. Firefighters prefer this type of breathing apparatus, it is (light) and (comfortable).

2. I heard (much) about this accident than you.

3. Which is the (cheap) and (effective) extinguishing agent on Class A fires?

4. Cadets think that officer N. Is the (experienced) in this field.

5. My parents say that the (little) I sleep at lectures, the (much) I will know.

^ 4. Заполните пропуски модальными глаголами: сan, must, may, should

1. Firefighters … encounter a lot of dangers while fighting interior fires.

2. Ladder trucks … carry a lot of forcible entry tools in their compartments.

3. Water … not be used on electrical fires.

4. Alcohols and other polar solvents … be diluted to the point where they will not burn.

5. Combustible vapors …be dangerous, firefighters … be aware of this.
^ 5. Переведите слова на русский язык и определите, к каким частям речи они относятся

complete – incomplete - completion

burn – unburned – burning

appear- appearance - disappear

produce – production - product

chemistry – chemical
^ 6. Соедините два предложения в одно, используя союзы и союзные слова: although, but, because, and, so, that

1. She speaks French. She used to live in France in her childhood.

2. Here the hotel. It suffered from disastrous fire last week.

3. Helicopters were used. All the victims were saved.

4. Fire brigades could not arrive quickly. There were traffic jams.

5. Some cadets like drills. They do not like classroom studies.
^ 7. Определите функции глаголов to be, to have, to do в предложениях, переведите на русский язык

1. My father is a rescuer.

2. After the fire was put out the firefighters had a good rest.

3. They were to come at 7 p.m.

4. Firefighters did not know the cause of the fire until they put it out.

5. They have already performed the rescue operation.
^ 8. Переведите словосочетания на русский язык

1. fire safety laws

2. personal protective equipment

3. Environmental Protection Agency

4. smoke ejector truck

5. quick response vehicle
9. Спишите текст, переведите на русский
On October 23, 2002, Chechen rebels stormed a Moscow theater during a performance of the musical Nord-Ost. They took about 900 people hostage, including 90 staff members of the theater. The rebel group consisted of 40-50 gunmen, led by Movsar Barayev. After releasing several hostages, they demanded that Russian military forces be pulled out of Chechnya within a week. They also threatened to blow up the building in case of a counter-attack. The rebels released about 200 people, mostly women and children. The remaining hostages included up to fifty foreigners – people from Great Britain, the US, and the European Union. Three days later Russian troops raided the building. 129 hostages died as a result of a gas that was used by federal forces to subdue the rebels.
^ 10. Ответьте на вопросы к тексту на английском языке

1. When did Chechen rebels storm a Moscow theater?

2. How many people did they take hostage?

3. Who was the leader of the gunmen?

4. What did the rebels demand?

5. Were there any foreigners among the hostages? What countries were they from?

11. Переведите с английского языка на русский текст объемом 10000 печатных знаков (текст подбирается самостоятельно из периодической печати, научно-публицистической или художественной литературы).


Variant 5
^ 1.Глаголы в скобках поставьте в соответствующем времени

1. Carbon (be) a naturally abundant element present in wood and many plastics.

2. When the guests on the second floor (wake up) and (leave) their rooms, they saw that the hall (be) ablaze.

3. How long you (study) English? - Since 1999.

4. Where is your dad? - He (mend) the car.

5. When fire brigades arrived, the residents already (leave) their apartments.
^ 2.Поставьте по одному вопросу к каждому предложению из Задания 1
3.Поставьте прилагательное в скобках в соответствующей степени сравнения

1. Children and disabled persons are the (high) risk group during the fire.

2. English grammar is (easy) than Russian grammar.

3. Fire prevention is not (little) important than firefighting tactics.

4. Which is the (efficient) extinguishing agent on Class B fires?

5. Bedrooms are the (common) rooms in the home where electrical fires start.

^ 4. Заполните пропуски модальными глаголами: сan, must, may, should

1. The situation … be made less dangerous by proper ventilation.

2. Hidden sparks … cause another blaze.

3. Firefighters … prepare themselves for any potential rescue situation.

4. This work … be done in time.

5. Every cadet … remember that he … wear his protective clothes and safety shoes while

responding to any fire.
^ 5. Переведите слова на русский язык и определите, к каким частям речи они относятся

combine – combination

oxide – oxidize – oxidation

react – reaction - reactivity

ventilate – ventilation

explode – explosion
^ 6. Соедините два предложения в одно, используя союзы и союзные слова: although, but, because, and, so, that

1. I know. You will help me.

2. The door opened. Cadet N. Came in.

3. The new firefighting equipment will be supplied soon. The authorities doubted.

4. Children managed to put out the fire. They did not have any fire extinguishers.

5. The lesson was over. The cadets left the classrooms.
^ 7. Определите функции глаголов to be, to have, to do в предложениях, переведите на русский язык

1. English is my headache, I often have to ask for help.

2. She is to come tonight.

3. I have seen him twice today.

4. My former graduate did not recognize me.

5. What did you have to do?
^ 8. Переведите словосочетания на русский язык

1. central control panel

2. building collapses

3. forcible entry tools

4. Joint Fire Research Organization

5. estimated time enroute
9. Спишите текст, переведите на русский

Roof Collapses on Crowded Water Park

This tragedy occurred at 7:15 Saturday evening, during the peak weekend crowds. Some of the visitors were at a first floor disco celebrating Valentine’s Day, while others were there for a child’s birthday party. At the moment of the collapse, almost 1,300 people were in the complex, including 200 employees.

The rescue operation was hampered by the bitter cold (minus 18 Celsius), as well as the difficulty of getting emergency equipment to the spot. Rescue workers, using sniffer dogs, worked by hand to free the survivors, many of whom required emergency treatment for injuries and exposure to the cold. The rescue teams pumped warm air into the debris in order to keep the survivors from freezing, most of whom were clad only in bathing suits. By late Sunday, Luzhkov told Channel One television “there is no hope for finding any survivors.” The roof collapse killed at least 27 people and injured scores.

^ 10. Ответьте на вопросы к тексту на английском языке

1. Where and when did the tragedy occur?

2. What were people doing in the Water Park before the massive roof collapsed?

3. What was the rescue operation hampered by?

4. What did the rescue teams use in their work?

5. What did Luzhkov tell Channel One television?
11. Переведите с английского языка на русский текст объемом 10000 печатных знаков (текст подбирается самостоятельно из периодической печати, научно-публицистической или художественной литературы).

Variant 6
^ 1.Глаголы в скобках поставьте в соответствующем времени

1. I (know) my teacher for three years.

2. Where is cadet N.? – He (be) ill. He (be) ill for two weeks now.

3. Firefighters (extinguish) the conflagration for 5 hours when we came.

4. You (catch) cold unless you put on your coat.

5. The officials said that investigators already (find out) the cause of the fire.
^ 2.Поставьте по одному вопросу к каждому предложению из Задания 1
3.Поставьте прилагательное в скобках в соответствующей степени сравнения

1. The Nile is slightly (long) than the Amazon.

2. The second (small) country in the world is Monaco.

3. It is a lot (far) from New York to London than from New York to Los Angeles.

4. Which is (much) efficient on Class B fires – water or foam?

5. Canada has by far the (long) coastline.

^ 4. Заполните пропуски модальными глаголами: must, may, should, can, could

1. How many languages … you speak?

2. You … not drive without a seat belt.

3. It … rain tonight, take your umbrella just in case.

4. If you want to be a real firefighter, you … work hard and study well.

5. People … be living on the moon in the year 2005.

^ 5. Переведите слова на русский язык и определите, к каким частям речи они относятся

investigate – investigation -investigator

insulate – insulation

injure – injury

inspect – inspection - inspector

hose – hoseman

operate – operation - operator
^ 6. Соедините два предложения в одно, используя союзы и союзные слова:

because, who, although, and, so

1. We will remember the names of firefighters. They sacrificed their lives for people.

2. Firefighters had to leave the structure. The temperature inside was very high.

3. Hard training helped him. He returned to work.

4. They kept on fighting the fire. They were exhausted.

5. The teacher advised me to pick up some articles in the library. I had to stay there till 7.
^ 7. Определите функции глаголов to be, to have, to do в предложениях, переведите на русский язык

1. We have been there twice.

2. Third-year cadets are to come to the Institute at 8.30 a.m.

3. Our cadets usually have dinner at 2.15 p.m.

4. Does she know that I am in the city?

5. Fire Service of Russia has covered a long way.
^ 8. Переведите словосочетания на русский язык

1. fire protection service

2. oxygen breathing apparatus

3. carbon dioxide fire extinguisher

4. water contamination

5. firefighting technique
9. Спишите текст, переведите на русский

Act of Terrorism or Structure Design Error?

On Saturday evening, February 14, 2004, the massive domed roof of the Transvaal Park recreational facility collapsed, killing at least 27 people and injuring scores. It was the pool area of the complex which suffered the direct impact of the devastation.This area contained a wave-pool, ceiling-high water-slides, a children’s pool and even an artificial beach. It is estimated that more than 400 people were gathered around these points when the massive roof fell from a height of over 30 meters. One of the lucky ones to escape was Roman Yazymin, 29, who was using a solarium on the second floor when the tragedy struck. Suddenly he heard a tremendous crash. “It was not an explosion, but the noise of metal collapsing,” he stated.” When we ran to collect our belongings, everything was covered in blood.”

The authorities were quick to note that the tragedy was not an act of terrorism – but that was the first thought in the minds of many who witnessed the tragic accident or first heard of it. If not an act of terrorism, then what? Who is to blame for the tragedy? Anyway, the final word rests with the authorized investigators.

^ 10. Ответьте на вопросы к тексту на английском языке

1. When did the tragedy occur?

2. What area of the complex suffered the direct impact of the devastation?

3. Was it an explosion or the noise of metal collapsing according to Roman Yazymin?

4. Why do you think the authorities were quick to note that the tragedy was not an act of terrorism?

5. Whose responsibility was it to determine the cause of the tragedy?
11. Переведите с английского языка на русский текст объемом 10000 печатных знаков (текст подбирается самостоятельно из периодической печати, научно-публицистической или художественной литературы).
Variant 7
^ 1.Глаголы в скобках поставьте в соответствующем времени

1. We (know)each other for twenty years.

2. My best friend is abroad now. He (be) there since Christmas.

3. Firefighters (extinguish) the conflagration when mayor of the city came to the scene.

4. You (be) late if you don’t hurry.

5. The investigators claimed that it (be) arson.
^ 2.Поставьте по одному вопросу к каждому предложению из Задания 1
3.Поставьте прилагательное в скобках в соответствующей степени сравнения

1. Interior fires are (dangerous) than exterior ones.

2. The (dangerous) condition firefighters may ever face is backdraft resulting in an explosion.

3. I am the (tall) in our family but I am (young) than my brother.

4. Nowadays firefighters are (good) equipped and (much) trained than in the past.

5. The UK is one of the (small) and (little) populated countries in the world.

^ 4. Заполните пропуски модальными глаголами:could, may, must, should, would

1. She is ill. She … be in bed.

2. The teacher …ill. He hasn’t shown up yet.

3. … you pass me a sheet of paper, please?

4. … you mind my smoking here?

5. All our teachers … be at work by now.

^ 5. Переведите слова на русский язык и определите, к каким частям речи они относятся

power – powerful

found – foundation - founder

prevent – prevention - preventive

examine – examination – examinational - examiner

civilize – civil – civilian

operate – operation - operator
^ 6. Соедините два предложения в одно, используя союзы и союзные слова:

because, therefore, although, so, because, since

1. He ran to the station. He was late.

2. He was late. He ran to the station.

3. Cadet N. failed his driving test the first time. He took it again.

4. I’ll lend you some money. You haven’t got any.

5. My uncle works hard. He doesn’t enjoy his job.

^ 7. Определите функции глаголов to be, to have, to do в предложениях, переведите на русский язык

1. We have been there twice.

2. Third-year cadets are to come to the Institute at 8.30 a.m.

3. Our cadets usually have dinner at 2.15 p.m.

4. Does she know that I am in the city?

5. Fire Service of Russia has covered a long way.
^ 8. Переведите словосочетания на русский язык

1. fire protection service

2. oxygen breathing apparatus

3. carbon dioxide fire extinguisher

4. water contamination

5. firefighting technique
9. Спишите текст, переведите на русский

Polish Tragedy

Poland faced a tragedy – roof collapse in the southern town of Katowice during a carrier-pigeon show. An estimated 700 people were on attendance at the 10,000 square-meter at the time of collapse. The accident claimed the lives of 67 people, approximately 150 people reported injuries. Several are still missing. Polish emergency crews worked around the clock in bitter cold for three days in the search for survivors buried below the twisted metal and broken concrete. So, what was the cause of the roof collapse? The authorities say that it was the snow and ice that had not been properly cleared from the roof. Poland has been suffering a severe cold spell, and some speculate that could have played a role in weakening the hall’s structure. Nevertheless, the reasons for the collapse are still unclear and Polish authorities make their best to determine the cause.

^ 10. Ответьте на вопросы к тексту на английском языке

1. Where did the tragedy occur?

2. How many people were there at the time of the collapse?

3. How long did Polish emergency crews search for survivors?

4. Why was it difficult to determine the cause of the collapse?

5. What is your own opinion about the cause of the collapse?
11. Переведите с английского языка на русский текст объемом 10000 печатных знаков (текст подбирается самостоятельно из периодической печати, научно-публицистической или художественной литературы).


Variant 8

^ 1. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в соответствующем времени

1. The lecture (start) at 11.05 and (finish) at 14.05.

2. Our teacher (live) in Oxford for 5 years.

3. The door (not/open) unless you push it hard.

4. My father (work) for 30 years when he finally retired.

5. In the future, machines (do) many of the jobs that people do today.
^ 2.Поставьте по одному вопросу к каждому предложению из Задания 1.
3.Поставьте прилагательное в скобках в соответствующей степени сравнения

1. It was the (exciting) spell of my holiday in Greece.

2. Cooling with water is the (common) method of extinguishing Class A fires.

3. Good health is (important) than money.

4. Which is the (beautiful) place you’ve ever been to?

5. The world’s population is getting (big).

^ 4. Заполните пропуски модальными глаголами:could, may, must, should, can, needn’t

1. … you meet me tomorrow evening?

2. … I make a suggestion? – Of course you … .

3. Firefighters … be careful at a fire scene.

4. Cadets … get up early today, it is Sunday.

5. I … have posted this postcard yesterday, but I forgot.

^ 5. Переведите слова на русский язык и определите, к каким частям речи они относятся

indicate – indication - indicator

induct– induction - inductor

pump – pumper

pure – purity – purify

radiation – radiate – radiator

operate – operation - operator
^ 6. Соедините два предложения в одно, используя союзы и союзные слова:

whereas, therefore, so as not to, because, but

1. The flames spread greatly and engulfed the whole building. Firefighters were too late due to traffic jams.

2. It was extremely cold. We didn’t go out.

3. I like tea. My wife likes coffee – tastes differ.

4. The telephone operator wrote down the address. She didn’t want to forget it.

5. This cadet is quiet and shy. That cadet is lively and talkative.
^ 7. Определите функции глаголов to be, to have, to do в предложениях, переведите на русский язык

1. I am a cadet but my elder brother is an officer.

2. As far as I remember they have lived here since my childhood.

3. Firefighters should have used water more carefully.

4. My father always does morning exercises.

5. I don’t know Ekaterinburg well, I am a stranger here.
^ 8. Переведите словосочетания на русский язык

1. upper explosive limit

2. major foam vehicle

3. low pressure combustion chamber

4. Federal Civil Defense Administration

5. crash fire rescue vehicle
^ 9. Спишите текст, переведите на русский
1   2   3

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